Publications & Articles associated with Makalali Research

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HSI Announces New Elephant Immunocontraceptive Method Elephant Immunocontraceptive Method

Cohn, P, JF Kirkpatrick. (2015).  History of the science of wildlife fertility control: Reflections of a 25-year international conference series. Appl. Ecol. Environ. Sci. 3:22-29.

Delsink, A., J. Kirkpatrick, J. van Altena, H. Bertschinger, S. Ferreira, and R. Slotow. (2013). Lack of spatial and behavioural responses to immunocontraception application in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44: S52-74.

Delsink, A., Kirkpatrick, J. (2012) Free-ranging African Elephant Immunocontraception: A New Paradigm for Elephant Management, p. 28. Humane Society International, Cape Town.

Bertschinger, H., A. Delsink, J. Kirkpatrick, J. van Altena, M. Ahlers, T. Dickerson, D. Powrie, and A. Burger. Porcine Zona Pellucida Immunocontraception of African elephants (Loxodonta africana): Beyond the experimental stage. (2013) In: IVth International Wildlife Management Congress – Cooperative Wildlife Management Across Borders: Learning in the Face of Change. J. Cain(III) and J. Marshal, (eds.). The Wildlife Society, 9 – 12 July 2012. 95-102.

Kirkpatrick, J., Delsink, A., van Altena, J., Bertschinger, H. (2012) Fertility control and African elephants: a new paradigm for Management, In Elephants: Ecology, Behavior and Conservation. eds M. Aranovich, O. Dufresne, pp. 77-96. NOVA Publishing, Hauppauge, NY.

Bertschinger, HJ. (2011) Immunocontraception of free-ranging African elephant (Loxodonta africana) cows on game reserves in South Africa. University of Pretoria, Research Committee Protocol. Previous No 36.5.251.

Kirkpatrick, JF., RO Lyda, and KM Frank. (2011) Contraceptive vaccines for wildlife; A review. Amer. J. Reprod. Immunol. 66:40-50.

Delsink AK, Kirkpatrick J, van Altena JJ, Grobler D, Bertschinger H & Slotow R (2009) Lack of social and behavioural responses to immunocontraception application in African elephants. In preparation.

Bertschinger HJ & Delsink AK et al. (2009) Effects of porcine zona pellucida immunocontraception on annual calving percentages of ten discrete free-raging African elephant populations on private game reserves in South Africa. In preparation.

Bertschinger HJ & Delsink AK et al. (2008) Reproductive control of elephants. (Eds: RJ Scholes & KG Mennell) In: Assessment of South African Elephant Management. Wits University Press, Johannesburg. Pgs 257-327

Delsink AK, van Altena JJ, Grobler D, Bertschinger H, Kirkpatrick J & Slotow R (2007) Regulation of a small, discrete, African elephant population through immunocontraception on the Makalali conservancy. South African Journal of Science. 102: 403-406.

Delsink AK, van Altena JJ, Grobler D, Bertschinger H, Kirkpatrick J & Slotow R (2006) Implementing immunocontraception in free-ranging African elephants at Makalali Conservancy. Jl S.Afr.Vet. Ass. (2007) 78(1): 25–30

Delsink AK (2006) The costs and consequences of immunocontraception implementation in African elephants at Makalali Conservancy, South Africa. M.Sc. thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban

Delsink AK, Grobler D & van Altena JJ (2005) The Makalali Elephant Immunocontraception Program. In: Humane Wildlife Solutions: The Role of Immunocontraception. (Ed: AT Rutberg). Humane Society Press, Washington.

Kruger Park Times. “Is there an elephant overpopulation in Kruger?” August 4-17, 2005. pg 2.

Kruger Park Times. “More elephants ‘go on the pill’”. September 1-14, 2005. pg 5.

Gulf News – Dubai. “How to control a herd of elephants”. Saturday, December 17, 2005.

Bertschinger HJ, Delsink AK, Kirkpatrick JF, Grobler D, van Altena JJ, Human A, Colenbrander B & Turkstra J (2004) The use of pZP and GnRH vaccines for contraception and control of behaviour in African elephants. In: proceedings of the 15thSymposium on Tropical Animal health and Reproduction: management of Elephant reproduction. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Delsink AK, Bertschinger HJ, Kirkpatrick JF, Grobler D, van Altena JJ & Slotow R (2004) The preliminary behavioural and population dynamic response of African elephants to immunocontraception. In: proceedings of the 15thSymposium on Tropical Animal health and Reproduction: management of Elephant reproduction. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Animal Alliance Newsletter. “Alert: Cull-Killing of South African Elephant looms, PZP immunocontraception vaccine the only viable alternative to the bullet”. Winter 2004-5. pg 3.

Animal Alliance Newsletter. “Makalali Immunocontraception Program”. Winter 2004-5. pg 4.

Kruger Park Times. May 26, 2004. “Research shows elephants can be managed on small game reserves”. Author: Melissa Wray.

Kruger 2 Canyons. May 26, 2004. “Makalali Immunocontraception Program”. Author: Audrey Delsink.

The Witness. June 21, 2004. “To cull or not too cull?” Author: Bob Frean.

Africa Wild. July & August 2004. “Elephant Population Management”. Authors: Authors: JJ van Altena & Audrey Delsink.

Getaway. August 2004. “Elephant Population Management: Thinking outside the box”. Authors: JJ van Altena & Audrey Delsink.

NRC Handelsblad: Wetenschap & Onderwijs. Full page article on Makalali Program. November 6, 2004.

FGASA Field News. November 2004.

Delsink AK et al. 2004. Population regulation of African Elephants through immunocontraception. EMOA Proceedings of the Elephant Symposium. Pilansberg National Park.

Delsink AK, Bertschinger HJ, Kirkpatrick JF, De Nys H, Grobler D, van Altena JJ & Turkstra J (2003) Contraception of African elephant cows in two private conservancies using porcine zona pellucida vaccine, and the control of aggressive behaviour in elephant bulls with a GnRH vaccine. In: Proceedings on the Control of Wild Elephant Populations. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Delsink AK, van Altena JJ, Kirkpatrick JF, Grobler D and Fayrer-Hosken R (2002) Field applications of immunocontraception in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana). Reproduction 60 117-124

Delsink AK. (2002). The Makalali Immunocontraception Program. In The proceedings of the EMOA Workshop, Knysna 2002. Vaalwater, Pta.

Packer, C., Loveridge, A., Canney, S., Caro, T., Garnett, S., Pfeifer, M., Zander, K., Swanson, A., MacNulty, D., Balme, G., Bauer, H., Begg, C., Begg, K., Bhalla, S., Bissett, C., Bodasing, T., Brink, H., Burger, A., Burton, C., Clegg, B., Dell, S., Delsink, A., Dickerson, T., Dloniak, S., Druce, D., Frank, L., Funston, P., Gichohi, N., Groom, R., Hanekom, C., Heath, B., Hunter, L., DeIongh, H., Joubert, C., Kasiki, S., Kissui, B., Knocker, W., Leathem, B., Lindsey, P., Maclennan, S., McNutt, J., Miller, S., Naylor, S., Nel, P., Ngw’eno, C., Nicholls, K., Ogutu, J., Okot Omoya, E., Patterson, B., Plumptre, A., Salerno, J., Skinner, K., Slotow, R., Sogbohossou, E., Stratford, K., Winterbach, C., Winterbach, H., Polasky, S., (2013). Conserving Large Carnivores: Dollars and Fence Ecology Letters In press.

Kettles RF & Slotow R. (2009). Managing lions on enclosed reserves. South African Wildlife Management. April.

Kettles RF. (2008) The Management of free-ranging lions on enclosed protected areas. M.En.Dev Thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal

Druce D, Genis H, Braak J, Greatwood S, Delsink A, Kettles R, Packer C, Hunter L and Slotow R. (2004) Population demography and spatial ecology of a reintroduced lion population in the Greater Makalali Conservancy, South Africa. Koedoe 47/1 pgs 103-118.

Druce D, Genis H, Braak J, Greatwood S, Delsink A, Kettles R, Packer C, Hunter L and Slotow R. (2004). Prey selection by a reintroduced lion population in the Greater Makalali Conservancy, South Africa. African Zoology 39/2 pgs 273-284.

Dunston EJ, Abell J, Boyle RE, Kirk J, Hilley VB, Forsyth A, Jenkins E, Freire R (2016) An assessment of African lion Panthera leo sociality via social network analysis: pre-release monitoring for an ex-situ reintroduction program.  Current Zoology OnlineFirst.

SM Miller & P Funston (2013) Rapid growth rates of lion (Panthera leo) populations in small, fenced reserves in South Africa: a management dilemma. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 44(1): 43–55 (April 2014)

wildcat

Africa Wild. August 2004. Featuring MLWT & The African Wild Cat Breeding Program. Author: Audrey Delsink.

Kruger Park Times. 15 December 2004. The African Wild Cat. Author: Audrey Delsink.

 

Govender N. (2005) The effect of habitat alteration by elephants on invertebrate diversity in two small reserves in South Africa. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Natal.

D Druce, M Hamer & R Slotow. (2004). Sampling strategies for millipedes (Diplopoda), centipedes (Chilopoda) and scorpions (Scorpionida) in savanna habitats. African Zoology 39/2 pgs 293-304.

Druce D. (2000) Factors Affecting Millipede, Centipede and Scorpion Diversity in a Savannah Environment. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Natal.

Whitmore C. (2000). Biodiversity of spiders (Araneae) in a savanna ecosystem and the processes that influence their distribution. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Natal.

van Strien, M. (2006) Predicting grazer distribution with grass quality and quantity parameters. M.Sc. Thesis, Wageningen University, The Netherlands.

Looringh van Beeck, FA. (2005) The effects of savanna trees on grass: possible consequences for grazing herbivores in the Greater Makalali Conservancy, South Africa. M.Sc. Thesis, Wageningen University, The Netherlands.

Burrett, RS. (2007) The Garonga ceramic assemblage. Southern African Humanities, Pietermaritzburg. 19: 153–166. Link: www.sahumanities.org.za. To download a copy of this paper with kind permission from SA Humanities.org, please go to the Files page.

Documentaries

a) BBC News. World Environment Day, 2003.

b) Carte Blanche 2000. Jumbos on the Pill.

c) HSUS Makalali Elephant Contraception, 2002.

d) Around the world with Tippi. Discovery.

e) Disney Animal Programs. Elephant Vasectomies.

f) Wild Ltd. Elephant Vasectomies. Episode 7.

g) SANHU. In the Field. Discovery.

h) National Geographic. Wildlife Chronicles. Birth Control Vaccine. 2007.